Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

v3.5.0.2
Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2016
Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2 – Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

For certain financial instruments, including accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, interest payable, advances payable and notes payable, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their relatively short maturities and associated market interest rates.

 

The Company adopted ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” ASC 820-10 defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for receivables and current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:

 

  Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
     
Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
     
  Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The Company did not identify any non-recurring assets and liabilities that are required to be presented in the balance sheets at fair value in accordance with ASC 815.

 

In February 2007, the FASB issued ASC 825-10 “Financial Instruments.” ASC 825-10 permits entities to choose to measure many financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected are reported in earnings.

 

The carrying amounts of current assets and current liabilities approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these items. The carrying amounts of long-term debt, capital leases and preferred stock approximate fair value due to the interest rates and dividend yields associated with such instruments. These fair value estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment, and, therefore, cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect these estimates. The Company does not hold or issue financial instruments for trading purposes, nor does it utilize derivative instruments in the management of foreign exchange, commodity price, or interest rate market risks.

 

Revenue and Cost Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (ii) the sales price is fixed or determinable; (iii) collectability is reasonably assured; and (iv) goods have been shipped and/or services rendered.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of reporting cash flows, the Company considers cash and cash equivalents to be all highly liquid deposits with maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates market value.

 

The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents at various financial institutions where they are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) up to $250,000. The balances of these accounts from time to time may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.

 

Accounts Receivable, Bad Debts and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

An allowance for doubtful accounts is provided for as a percentage of trade accounts receivable based on historical loss experience. As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the allowance for doubtful accounts was approximately $20,000 and $20,000, respectively. Consolidated bad debt expense recognized for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $4,021 and ($81,761), respectively. The negative bad debt expense balance at September 30, 2015 was due to the allowance being overstated at September 30, 2015 and requiring adjustment. Consolidated bad debt expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $408 and $762, respectively.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Expenditures for major additions and improvements are capitalized. As property and equipment are sold or retired, the applicable cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss thereon is recognized as other income or expenses.

 

Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives or, in the case of leasehold improvements, the term of the related lease, including renewal periods, if shorter. Estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Transportation equipment     5 years  
Office and machinery equipment     5-7 years  
Roll off containers       5-7 years  
Improvements     5-7 years  
Buildings     39.5 years  
Landfill Airspace         39.5 years  

 

The Company reviews property, plant, equipment and all amortizable intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability is based on estimated undiscounted cash flows. Measurement of the impairment loss, if any, is based on the difference between the carrying value and fair value.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Amortizable Intangible Assets

 

The Company follows ASC 360-10, “Property, Plant, and Equipment,” which established a “primary asset” approach to determine the cash flow estimation period for a group of assets and liabilities that represents the unit of accounting for a long-lived asset to be held and used. Long-lived assets to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The carrying amount of a long-lived asset is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Through September 30, 2016, the Company has not experienced impairment losses on its long-lived assets or intangible assets.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill consists of the excess of cost over identifiable net tangible and intangible assets of companies acquired. In accordance with the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other,” the carrying amount of goodwill and intangible assets is to be reviewed at least annually for impairment, and losses in value, if any, will be charged to operations in the period of impairment. Goodwill was determined to not be impaired as of September 30, 2016. The test for impairment was done in accordance with guidance in Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2011-8 for the year ended December 31, 2015. ASU 2011-8 permits an entity to evaluate qualitative factors to assess whether impairment is more likely than not to have occurred.

 

The Company acquired two related entities during 2015, WRE and Gateway, assigning $1,238,173 and $941,010 of Goodwill to the purchase prices of those entities, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company acquired a company for $230,000 and assigned $36,053 to goodwill based on the acquisition purchase price allocation. Total Goodwill at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was $2,215,236 and $2,179,183, respectively. See Note 10, “Acquisitions” for the purchase price allocation of the business.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company has certain intangible assets resulting from business combinations and acquisitions that are recorded at cost. Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their respective estimated useful lives.

 

Intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset are less than the carrying value, the Company recognizes a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset. See note 10, “Acquisitions” for details related to the purchase price allocation of identified definite lived amortizable intangible assets, including customer lists, licenses, permits, non-compete agreements and trademarks. The Company has a customer list that was bought from a related party in 2011, a website built in 2015 and engineering costs as part of a 10-year permit renewal with the Department of Environmental Protection. The Company purchased two related entities during 2015 and one unrelated business in 2016, assigning a portion of the purchase price to amortizable intangible assets, primarily customer lists to the purchases accordingly. See note 4, “Intangible Assets” and Note 10, “Acquisitions.”

 

Advertising Costs

 

The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Consolidated advertising expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were $6,405 and $2,674, respectively. The consolidated advertising expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were $3,605 and $2,302, respectively.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The Company reviews the tax positions taken or expected to be taken on tax returns to determine whether and to what extent a benefit can be recognized in our consolidated financial statements. To the extent interest and penalties would be assessed by taxing authorities on any underpayment of income tax, such amounts are accrued and classified as a component of income tax expense. For the nine and three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, we did not recognize any accrued interest or penalties.

 

The Company files income tax returns in the United States and Florida, which are subject to examination by the tax authorities in these jurisdictions, generally for three years after the filing date.

 

Management has evaluated tax positions in accordance with FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, and has not identified any tax positions that require disclosure.

 

As of September 30, 2016, the following tax years are subject to examination:

 

Jurisdiction   Open Years for Filed Returns
Federal   December 31, 2013 – 2015

 

Environmental Remediation Liability

 

The Company accrues for losses associated with environmental remediation obligations when such losses are probable and reasonably estimable. Accruals for estimated losses from environmental remediation obligations generally are recognized no later than completion of the remedial feasibility study. Such accruals are adjusted as further information develops or circumstances change. Costs of future expenditures for environmental remediation obligations are not discounted to their present value. Recoveries of environmental remediation costs from other parties are recorded as assets when their receipt is deemed probable.

 

Operating, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Business operating costs including expenses generated from administration and purchasing functions, are recorded in “Operating, general and administrative expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Business operating costs include items such as wages, benefits, utilities, repairs and maintenance, advertising costs and credits, rent, insurance, depreciation not related to equipment used in operations, amortization of intangible assets, leasehold amortization and costs for outside provided services.

 

Stock Issued to Non-Employees for Services Rendered

 

The Company accounts for stock issued to non-employees in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 505-50 “Equity Based Payments to Non-Employees.” FASB ASC 505-50 states that equity instruments that are issued in exchange for the receipt of goods or services should be measured at the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The measurement date occurs as of the earlier of (a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached or (b) absent a performance commitment, the date at which the performance necessary to earn the equity instruments is complete (that is, the vesting date).

 

Earnings Per-Share

 

Earnings per share are based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding at each reporting period.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made in prior year balances to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications had no effect on net income or retained earnings as previously reported.